Changelog

master / unreleased

  • [CHANGE] Added v1 API routes documented in #2327. #2372
    • Added -http.alertmanager-http-prefix flag which allows the configuration of the path where the Alertmanager API and UI can be reached. The default is set to /alertmanager.
    • Added -http.prometheus-http-prefix flag which allows the configuration of the path where the Prometheus API and UI can be reached. The default is set to /prometheus.
    • Updated the index hosted at the root prefix to point to the updated routes.
    • Legacy routes hardcoded with the /api/prom prefix now respect the -http.prefix flag.
  • [CHANGE] The metrics cortex_distributor_ingester_appends_total and distributor_ingester_append_failures_total now includes a type label to differentiate between samples and metadata. #2336
  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: renamed blocks meta fetcher metrics: #2375
    • cortex_querier_bucket_store_blocks_meta_syncs_total > cortex_querier_blocks_meta_syncs_total
    • cortex_querier_bucket_store_blocks_meta_sync_failures_total > cortex_querier_blocks_meta_sync_failures_total
    • cortex_querier_bucket_store_blocks_meta_sync_duration_seconds > cortex_querier_blocks_meta_sync_duration_seconds
    • cortex_querier_bucket_store_blocks_meta_sync_consistency_delay_seconds > cortex_querier_blocks_meta_sync_consistency_delay_seconds
  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: Modified default values for compactor.deletion-delay option from 48h to 12h and -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.ignore-deletion-marks-delay from 24h to 6h. #2414
  • [FEATURE] Ruler: The -ruler.evaluation-delay flag was added to allow users to configure a default evaluation delay for all rules in cortex. The default value is 0 which is the current behavior. #2423
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: sample ingestion errors are now reported via existing cortex_discarded_samples_total metric. #2370
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Failures on samples at distributors and ingesters return the first validation error as opposed to the last. #2383
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Added cortex_querier_blocks_meta_synced, which reflects current state of synced blocks over all tenants. #2392
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added cortex_distributor_latest_seen_sample_timestamp_seconds metric to see how far behind Prometheus servers are in sending data. #2371
  • [ENHANCEMENT] FIFO cache to support eviction based on memory usage. The -<prefix>.fifocache.size CLI flag has been renamed to -<prefix>.fifocache.max-size-items as well as its YAML config option size renamed to max_size_items. Added -<prefix>.fifocache.max-size-bytes CLI flag and YAML config option max_size_bytes to specify memory limit of the cache. #2319
  • [BUGFIX] Fixes #2411, Ensure requests are properly routed to the prometheus api embedded in the query if -server.path-prefix is set. #2372
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental TSDB: fixed chunk data corruption when querying back series using the experimental blocks storage. #2400
  • [BUGFIX] Cassandra Storage: Fix endpoint TLS host verification. #2109
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental TSDB: fixed response status code from 422 to 500 when an error occurs while iterating chunks with the experimental blocks storage. #2402
  • [BUGFIX] Ring: Fixed a situation where upgrading from pre-1.0 cortex with a rolling strategy caused new 1.0 ingesters to lose their zone value in the ring until manually forced to re-register. #2404

1.0.0 / 2020-04-02

This is the first major release of Cortex. We made a lot of breaking changes in this release which have been detailed below. Please also see the stability guarantees we provide as part of a major release: https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/configuration/v1guarantees/

  • [CHANGE] Remove the following deprecated flags: #2339
    • -metrics.error-rate-query (use -metrics.write-throttle-query instead).
    • -store.cardinality-cache-size (use -store.index-cache-read.enable-fifocache and -store.index-cache-read.fifocache.size instead).
    • -store.cardinality-cache-validity (use -store.index-cache-read.enable-fifocache and -store.index-cache-read.fifocache.duration instead).
    • -distributor.limiter-reload-period (flag unused)
    • -ingester.claim-on-rollout (flag unused)
    • -ingester.normalise-tokens (flag unused)
  • [CHANGE] Renamed YAML file options to be more consistent. See full config file changes below. #2273
  • [CHANGE] AWS based autoscaling has been removed. You can only use metrics based autoscaling now. -applicationautoscaling.url has been removed. See https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/guides/aws/#dynamodb-capacity-provisioning on how to migrate. #2328
  • [CHANGE] Renamed the memcache.write-back-goroutines and memcache.write-back-buffer flags to background.write-back-concurrency and background.write-back-buffer. This affects the following flags: #2241

    • -frontend.memcache.write-back-buffer –> -frontend.background.write-back-buffer
    • -frontend.memcache.write-back-goroutines –> -frontend.background.write-back-concurrency
    • -store.index-cache-read.memcache.write-back-buffer –> -store.index-cache-read.background.write-back-buffer
    • -store.index-cache-read.memcache.write-back-goroutines –> -store.index-cache-read.background.write-back-concurrency
    • -store.index-cache-write.memcache.write-back-buffer –> -store.index-cache-write.background.write-back-buffer
    • -store.index-cache-write.memcache.write-back-goroutines –> -store.index-cache-write.background.write-back-concurrency
    • -memcache.write-back-buffer –> -store.chunks-cache.background.write-back-buffer. Note the next change log for the difference.
    • -memcache.write-back-goroutines –> -store.chunks-cache.background.write-back-concurrency. Note the next change log for the difference.
  • [CHANGE] Renamed the chunk cache flags to have store.chunks-cache. as prefix. This means the following flags have been changed: #2241

    • -cache.enable-fifocache –> -store.chunks-cache.cache.enable-fifocache
    • -default-validity –> -store.chunks-cache.default-validity
    • -fifocache.duration –> -store.chunks-cache.fifocache.duration
    • -fifocache.size –> -store.chunks-cache.fifocache.size
    • -memcache.write-back-buffer –> -store.chunks-cache.background.write-back-buffer. Note the previous change log for the difference.
    • -memcache.write-back-goroutines –> -store.chunks-cache.background.write-back-concurrency. Note the previous change log for the difference.
    • -memcached.batchsize –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.batchsize
    • -memcached.consistent-hash –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.consistent-hash
    • -memcached.expiration –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.expiration
    • -memcached.hostname –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.hostname
    • -memcached.max-idle-conns –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-idle-conns
    • -memcached.parallelism –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.parallelism
    • -memcached.service –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.service
    • -memcached.timeout –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.timeout
    • -memcached.update-interval –> -store.chunks-cache.memcached.update-interval
    • -redis.enable-tls –> -store.chunks-cache.redis.enable-tls
    • -redis.endpoint –> -store.chunks-cache.redis.endpoint
    • -redis.expiration –> -store.chunks-cache.redis.expiration
    • -redis.max-active-conns –> -store.chunks-cache.redis.max-active-conns
    • -redis.max-idle-conns –> -store.chunks-cache.redis.max-idle-conns
    • -redis.password –> -store.chunks-cache.redis.password
    • -redis.timeout –> -store.chunks-cache.redis.timeout
  • [CHANGE] Rename the -store.chunk-cache-stubs to -store.chunks-cache.cache-stubs to be more inline with above. #2241

  • [CHANGE] Change prefix of flags -dynamodb.periodic-table.* to -table-manager.index-table.*. #2359

  • [CHANGE] Change prefix of flags -dynamodb.chunk-table.* to -table-manager.chunk-table.*. #2359

  • [CHANGE] Change the following flags: #2359

    • -dynamodb.poll-interval –> -table-manager.poll-interval
    • -dynamodb.periodic-table.grace-period –> -table-manager.periodic-table.grace-period
  • [CHANGE] Renamed the following flags: #2273

    • -dynamodb.chunk.gang.size –> -dynamodb.chunk-gang-size
    • -dynamodb.chunk.get.max.parallelism –> -dynamodb.chunk-get-max-parallelism
  • [CHANGE] Don’t support mixed time units anymore for duration. For example, 168h5m0s doesn’t work anymore, please use just one unit (s|m|h|d|w|y). #2252

  • [CHANGE] Utilize separate protos for rule state and storage. Experimental ruler API will not be functional until the rollout is complete. #2226

  • [CHANGE] Frontend worker in querier now starts after all Querier module dependencies are started. This fixes issue where frontend worker started to send queries to querier before it was ready to serve them (mostly visible when using experimental blocks storage). #2246

  • [CHANGE] Lifecycler component now enters Failed state on errors, and doesn’t exit the process. (Important if you’re vendoring Cortex and use Lifecycler) #2251

  • [CHANGE] /ready handler now returns 200 instead of 204. #2330

  • [CHANGE] Better defaults for the following options: #2344

    • -<prefix>.consul.consistent-reads: Old default: true, new default: false. This reduces the load on Consul.
    • -<prefix>.consul.watch-rate-limit: Old default: 0, new default: 1. This rate limits the reads to 1 per second. Which is good enough for ring watches.
    • -distributor.health-check-ingesters: Old default: false, new default: true.
    • -ingester.max-stale-chunk-idle: Old default: 0, new default: 2m. This lets us expire series that we know are stale early.
    • -ingester.spread-flushes: Old default: false, new default: true. This allows to better de-duplicate data and use less space.
    • -ingester.chunk-age-jitter: Old default: 20mins, new default: 0. This is to enable the -ingester.spread-flushes to true.
    • -<prefix>.memcached.batchsize: Old default: 0, new default: 1024. This allows batching of requests and keeps the concurrent requests low.
    • -<prefix>.memcached.consistent-hash: Old default: false, new default: true. This allows for better cache hits when the memcaches are scaled up and down.
    • -querier.batch-iterators: Old default: false, new default: true.
    • -querier.ingester-streaming: Old default: false, new default: true.
  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: Added -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.postings-cache-compression-enabled to enable postings compression when storing to cache. #2335

  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: Added -compactor.deletion-delay, which is time before a block marked for deletion is deleted from bucket. If not 0, blocks will be marked for deletion and compactor component will delete blocks marked for deletion from the bucket. If delete-delay is 0, blocks will be deleted straight away. Note that deleting blocks immediately can cause query failures, if store gateway / querier still has the block loaded, or compactor is ignoring the deletion because it’s compacting the block at the same time. Default value is 48h. #2335

  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: Added -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.index-cache.postings-compression-enabled, to set duration after which the blocks marked for deletion will be filtered out while fetching blocks used for querying. This option allows querier to ignore blocks that are marked for deletion with some delay. This ensures store can still serve blocks that are meant to be deleted but do not have a replacement yet. Default is 24h, half of the default value for -compactor.deletion-delay. #2335

  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: Added -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.max-item-size to control maximum size of item that is stored to memcached. Defaults to 1 MiB. #2335

  • [FEATURE] Added experimental storage API to the ruler service that is enabled when the -experimental.ruler.enable-api is set to true #2269

    • -ruler.storage.type flag now allows s3,gcs, and azure values
    • -ruler.storage.(s3|gcs|azure) flags exist to allow the configuration of object clients set for rule storage
  • [CHANGE] Renamed table manager metrics. #2307 #2359

    • cortex_dynamo_sync_tables_seconds -> cortex_table_manager_sync_duration_seconds
    • cortex_dynamo_table_capacity_units -> cortex_table_capacity_units
  • [FEATURE] Flusher target to flush the WAL. #2075

    • -flusher.wal-dir for the WAL directory to recover from.
    • -flusher.concurrent-flushes for number of concurrent flushes.
    • -flusher.flush-op-timeout is duration after which a flush should timeout.
  • [FEATURE] Ingesters can now have an optional availability zone set, to ensure metric replication is distributed across zones. This is set via the -ingester.availability-zone flag or the availability_zone field in the config file. #2317

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Better re-use of connections to DynamoDB and S3. #2268

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Add support for local filesystem backend. #2245

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Added memcached support for the TSDB index cache. #2290

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Removed gRPC server to communicate between querier and BucketStore. #2324

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Allow 1w (where w denotes week) and 1y (where y denotes year) when setting table period and retention. #2252

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added FIFO cache metrics for current number of entries and memory usage. #2270

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Output all config fields to /config API, including those with empty value. #2209

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Add “missing_metric_name” and “metric_name_invalid” reasons to cortex_discarded_samples_total metric. #2346

  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: sample ingestion errors are now reported via existing cortex_discarded_samples_total metric. #2370

  • [BUGFIX] Ensure user state metrics are updated if a transfer fails. #2338

  • [BUGFIX] Fixed etcd client keepalive settings. #2278

  • [BUGFIX] Register the metrics of the WAL. #2295

  • [BUXFIX] Experimental TSDB: fixed error handling when ingesting out of bound samples. #2342

config file breaking changes

In this section you can find a config file diff showing the breaking changes introduced in Cortex. You can also find the full configuration file reference doc in the website.

### ingester_config

 # Period with which to attempt to flush chunks.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.flush-period
-[flushcheckperiod: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
+[flush_period: <duration> | default = 1m0s]

 # Period chunks will remain in memory after flushing.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.retain-period
-[retainperiod: <duration> | default = 5m0s]
+[retain_period: <duration> | default = 5m0s]

 # Maximum chunk idle time before flushing.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.max-chunk-idle
-[maxchunkidle: <duration> | default = 5m0s]
+[max_chunk_idle_time: <duration> | default = 5m0s]

 # Maximum chunk idle time for chunks terminating in stale markers before
 # flushing. 0 disables it and a stale series is not flushed until the
 # max-chunk-idle timeout is reached.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.max-stale-chunk-idle
-[maxstalechunkidle: <duration> | default = 0s]
+[max_stale_chunk_idle_time: <duration> | default = 2m0s]

 # Timeout for individual flush operations.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.flush-op-timeout
-[flushoptimeout: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
+[flush_op_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m0s]

 # Maximum chunk age before flushing.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.max-chunk-age
-[maxchunkage: <duration> | default = 12h0m0s]
+[max_chunk_age: <duration> | default = 12h0m0s]

-# Range of time to subtract from MaxChunkAge to spread out flushes
+# Range of time to subtract from -ingester.max-chunk-age to spread out flushes
 # CLI flag: -ingester.chunk-age-jitter
-[chunkagejitter: <duration> | default = 20m0s]
+[chunk_age_jitter: <duration> | default = 0]

 # Number of concurrent goroutines flushing to dynamodb.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.concurrent-flushes
-[concurrentflushes: <int> | default = 50]
+[concurrent_flushes: <int> | default = 50]
 
-# If true, spread series flushes across the whole period of MaxChunkAge
+# If true, spread series flushes across the whole period of
+# -ingester.max-chunk-age.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.spread-flushes
-[spreadflushes: <boolean> | default = false]
+[spread_flushes: <boolean> | default = true]
 
 # Period with which to update the per-user ingestion rates.
 # CLI flag: -ingester.rate-update-period
-[rateupdateperiod: <duration> | default = 15s]
+[rate_update_period: <duration> | default = 15s]
 

### querier_config

 # The maximum number of concurrent queries.
 # CLI flag: -querier.max-concurrent
-[maxconcurrent: <int> | default = 20]
+[max_concurrent: <int> | default = 20]
 
 # Use batch iterators to execute query, as opposed to fully materialising the
 # series in memory.  Takes precedent over the -querier.iterators flag.
 # CLI flag: -querier.batch-iterators
-[batchiterators: <boolean> | default = false]
+[batch_iterators: <boolean> | default = true]
 
 # Use streaming RPCs to query ingester.
 # CLI flag: -querier.ingester-streaming
-[ingesterstreaming: <boolean> | default = false]
+[ingester_streaming: <boolean> | default = true]
 
 # Maximum number of samples a single query can load into memory.
 # CLI flag: -querier.max-samples
-[maxsamples: <int> | default = 50000000]
+[max_samples: <int> | default = 50000000]
 
 # The default evaluation interval or step size for subqueries.
 # CLI flag: -querier.default-evaluation-interval
-[defaultevaluationinterval: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
+[default_evaluation_interval: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
 
### query_frontend_config

 # URL of downstream Prometheus.
 # CLI flag: -frontend.downstream-url
-[downstream: <string> | default = ""]
+[downstream_url: <string> | default = ""]
 

### ruler_config

 # URL of alerts return path.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.external.url
-[externalurl: <url> | default = ]
+[external_url: <url> | default = ]
 
 # How frequently to evaluate rules
 # CLI flag: -ruler.evaluation-interval
-[evaluationinterval: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
+[evaluation_interval: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
 
 # How frequently to poll for rule changes
 # CLI flag: -ruler.poll-interval
-[pollinterval: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
+[poll_interval: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
 
-storeconfig:
+storage:
 
 # file path to store temporary rule files for the prometheus rule managers
 # CLI flag: -ruler.rule-path
-[rulepath: <string> | default = "/rules"]
+[rule_path: <string> | default = "/rules"]
 
 # URL of the Alertmanager to send notifications to.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-url
-[alertmanagerurl: <url> | default = ]
+[alertmanager_url: <url> | default = ]
 
 # Use DNS SRV records to discover alertmanager hosts.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-discovery
-[alertmanagerdiscovery: <boolean> | default = false]
+[enable_alertmanager_discovery: <boolean> | default = false]
 
 # How long to wait between refreshing alertmanager hosts.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-refresh-interval
-[alertmanagerrefreshinterval: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
+[alertmanager_refresh_interval: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
 
 # If enabled requests to alertmanager will utilize the V2 API.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-use-v2
-[alertmanangerenablev2api: <boolean> | default = false]
+[enable_alertmanager_v2: <boolean> | default = false]
 
 # Capacity of the queue for notifications to be sent to the Alertmanager.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.notification-queue-capacity
-[notificationqueuecapacity: <int> | default = 10000]
+[notification_queue_capacity: <int> | default = 10000]
 
 # HTTP timeout duration when sending notifications to the Alertmanager.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.notification-timeout
-[notificationtimeout: <duration> | default = 10s]
+[notification_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]
 
 # Distribute rule evaluation using ring backend
 # CLI flag: -ruler.enable-sharding
-[enablesharding: <boolean> | default = false]
+[enable_sharding: <boolean> | default = false]
 
 # Time to spend searching for a pending ruler when shutting down.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.search-pending-for
-[searchpendingfor: <duration> | default = 5m0s]
+[search_pending_for: <duration> | default = 5m0s]
 
 # Period with which to attempt to flush rule groups.
 # CLI flag: -ruler.flush-period
-[flushcheckperiod: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
+[flush_period: <duration> | default = 1m0s]
 
### alertmanager_config

 # Base path for data storage.
 # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.path
-[datadir: <string> | default = "data/"]
+[data_dir: <string> | default = "data/"]
 
 # will be used to prefix all HTTP endpoints served by Alertmanager. If omitted,
 # relevant URL components will be derived automatically.
 # CLI flag: -alertmanager.web.external-url
-[externalurl: <url> | default = ]
+[external_url: <url> | default = ]
 
 # How frequently to poll Cortex configs
 # CLI flag: -alertmanager.configs.poll-interval
-[pollinterval: <duration> | default = 15s]
+[poll_interval: <duration> | default = 15s]
 
 # Listen address for cluster.
 # CLI flag: -cluster.listen-address
-[clusterbindaddr: <string> | default = "0.0.0.0:9094"]
+[cluster_bind_address: <string> | default = "0.0.0.0:9094"]
 
 # Explicit address to advertise in cluster.
 # CLI flag: -cluster.advertise-address
-[clusteradvertiseaddr: <string> | default = ""]
+[cluster_advertise_address: <string> | default = ""]
 
 # Time to wait between peers to send notifications.
 # CLI flag: -cluster.peer-timeout
-[peertimeout: <duration> | default = 15s]
+[peer_timeout: <duration> | default = 15s]
 
 # Filename of fallback config to use if none specified for instance.
 # CLI flag: -alertmanager.configs.fallback
-[fallbackconfigfile: <string> | default = ""]
+[fallback_config_file: <string> | default = ""]
 
 # Root of URL to generate if config is http://internal.monitor
 # CLI flag: -alertmanager.configs.auto-webhook-root
-[autowebhookroot: <string> | default = ""]
+[auto_webhook_root: <string> | default = ""]
 
### table_manager_config

-store:
+storage:
 
-# How frequently to poll DynamoDB to learn our capacity.
-# CLI flag: -dynamodb.poll-interval
-[dynamodb_poll_interval: <duration> | default = 2m0s]
+# How frequently to poll backend to learn our capacity.
+# CLI flag: -table-manager.poll-interval
+[poll_interval: <duration> | default = 2m0s]
 
-# DynamoDB periodic tables grace period (duration which table will be
-# created/deleted before/after it's needed).
-# CLI flag: -dynamodb.periodic-table.grace-period
+# Periodic tables grace period (duration which table will be created/deleted
+# before/after it's needed).
+# CLI flag: -table-manager.periodic-table.grace-period
 [creation_grace_period: <duration> | default = 10m0s]
 
 index_tables_provisioning:
   # Enables on demand throughput provisioning for the storage provider (if
-  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled
-  # CLI flag: -dynamodb.periodic-table.enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
-  [provisioned_throughput_on_demand_mode: <boolean> | default = false]
+  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled. Supported by
+  # DynamoDB
+  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
+  [enable_ondemand_throughput_mode: <boolean> | default = false]
 
 
   # Enables on demand throughput provisioning for the storage provider (if
-  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled
-  # CLI flag: -dynamodb.periodic-table.inactive-enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
-  [inactive_throughput_on_demand_mode: <boolean> | default = false]
+  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled. Supported by
+  # DynamoDB
+  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
+  [enable_inactive_throughput_on_demand_mode: <boolean> | default = false]
 
 
 chunk_tables_provisioning:
   # Enables on demand throughput provisioning for the storage provider (if
-  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled
-  # CLI flag: -dynamodb.chunk-table.enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
-  [provisioned_throughput_on_demand_mode: <boolean> | default = false]
+  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled. Supported by
+  # DynamoDB
+  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
+  [enable_ondemand_throughput_mode: <boolean> | default = false]
 
### storage_config

 aws:
-  dynamodbconfig:
+  dynamodb:
     # DynamoDB endpoint URL with escaped Key and Secret encoded. If only region
     # is specified as a host, proper endpoint will be deduced. Use
     # inmemory:///<table-name> to use a mock in-memory implementation.
     # CLI flag: -dynamodb.url
-    [dynamodb: <url> | default = ]
+    [dynamodb_url: <url> | default = ]
 
     # DynamoDB table management requests per second limit.
     # CLI flag: -dynamodb.api-limit
-    [apilimit: <float> | default = 2]
+    [api_limit: <float> | default = 2]
 
     # DynamoDB rate cap to back off when throttled.
     # CLI flag: -dynamodb.throttle-limit
-    [throttlelimit: <float> | default = 10]
+    [throttle_limit: <float> | default = 10]
-
-    # ApplicationAutoscaling endpoint URL with escaped Key and Secret encoded.
-    # CLI flag: -applicationautoscaling.url
-    [applicationautoscaling: <url> | default = ]
 
 
       # Queue length above which we will scale up capacity
       # CLI flag: -metrics.target-queue-length
-      [targetqueuelen: <int> | default = 100000]
+      [target_queue_length: <int> | default = 100000]
 
       # Scale up capacity by this multiple
       # CLI flag: -metrics.scale-up-factor
-      [scaleupfactor: <float> | default = 1.3]
+      [scale_up_factor: <float> | default = 1.3]
 
       # Ignore throttling below this level (rate per second)
       # CLI flag: -metrics.ignore-throttle-below
-      [minthrottling: <float> | default = 1]
+      [ignore_throttle_below: <float> | default = 1]
 
       # query to fetch ingester queue length
       # CLI flag: -metrics.queue-length-query
-      [queuelengthquery: <string> | default = "sum(avg_over_time(cortex_ingester_flush_queue_length{job=\"cortex/ingester\"}[2m]))"]
+      [queue_length_query: <string> | default = "sum(avg_over_time(cortex_ingester_flush_queue_length{job=\"cortex/ingester\"}[2m]))"]
 
       # query to fetch throttle rates per table
       # CLI flag: -metrics.write-throttle-query
-      [throttlequery: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_throttled_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.BatchWriteItem\"}[1m])) by (table) > 0"]
+      [write_throttle_query: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_throttled_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.BatchWriteItem\"}[1m])) by (table) > 0"]
 
       # query to fetch write capacity usage per table
       # CLI flag: -metrics.usage-query
-      [usagequery: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_consumed_capacity_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.BatchWriteItem\"}[15m])) by (table) > 0"]
+      [write_usage_query: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_consumed_capacity_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.BatchWriteItem\"}[15m])) by (table) > 0"]
 
       # query to fetch read capacity usage per table
       # CLI flag: -metrics.read-usage-query
-      [readusagequery: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_consumed_capacity_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.QueryPages\"}[1h])) by (table) > 0"]
+      [read_usage_query: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_consumed_capacity_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.QueryPages\"}[1h])) by (table) > 0"]
 
       # query to fetch read errors per table
       # CLI flag: -metrics.read-error-query
-      [readerrorquery: <string> | default = "sum(increase(cortex_dynamo_failures_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.QueryPages\",error=\"ProvisionedThroughputExceededException\"}[1m])) by (table) > 0"]
+      [read_error_query: <string> | default = "sum(increase(cortex_dynamo_failures_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.QueryPages\",error=\"ProvisionedThroughputExceededException\"}[1m])) by (table) > 0"]
 
     # Number of chunks to group together to parallelise fetches (zero to
     # disable)
-    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.chunk.gang.size
-    [chunkgangsize: <int> | default = 10]
+    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.chunk-gang-size
+    [chunk_gang_size: <int> | default = 10]
 
     # Max number of chunk-get operations to start in parallel
-    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.chunk.get.max.parallelism
-    [chunkgetmaxparallelism: <int> | default = 32]
+    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.chunk.get-max-parallelism
+    [chunk_get_max_parallelism: <int> | default = 32]
 
     backoff_config:
       # Minimum delay when backing off.
       # CLI flag: -bigtable.backoff-min-period
-      [minbackoff: <duration> | default = 100ms]
+      [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]
 
       # Maximum delay when backing off.
       # CLI flag: -bigtable.backoff-max-period
-      [maxbackoff: <duration> | default = 10s]
+      [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]
 
       # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
       # CLI flag: -bigtable.backoff-retries
-      [maxretries: <int> | default = 10]
+      [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]
 
   # If enabled, once a tables info is fetched, it is cached.
   # CLI flag: -bigtable.table-cache.enabled
-  [tablecacheenabled: <boolean> | default = true]
+  [table_cache_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]
 
   # Duration to cache tables before checking again.
   # CLI flag: -bigtable.table-cache.expiration
-  [tablecacheexpiration: <duration> | default = 30m0s]
+  [table_cache_expiration: <duration> | default = 30m0s]
 
 # Cache validity for active index entries. Should be no higher than
 # -ingester.max-chunk-idle.
 # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-validity
-[indexcachevalidity: <duration> | default = 5m0s]
+[index_cache_validity: <duration> | default = 5m0s]
 
### ingester_client_config

 grpc_client_config:
   backoff_config:
     # Minimum delay when backing off.
     # CLI flag: -ingester.client.backoff-min-period
-    [minbackoff: <duration> | default = 100ms]
+    [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]
 
     # Maximum delay when backing off.
     # CLI flag: -ingester.client.backoff-max-period
-    [maxbackoff: <duration> | default = 10s]
+    [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]
 
     # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
     # CLI flag: -ingester.client.backoff-retries
-    [maxretries: <int> | default = 10]
+    [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]
 
### frontend_worker_config

-# Address of query frontend service.
+# Address of query frontend service, in host:port format.
 # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-address
-[address: <string> | default = ""]
+[frontend_address: <string> | default = ""]
 
 # How often to query DNS.
 # CLI flag: -querier.dns-lookup-period
-[dnslookupduration: <duration> | default = 10s]
+[dns_lookup_duration: <duration> | default = 10s]
 
 grpc_client_config:
   backoff_config:
     # Minimum delay when backing off.
     # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.backoff-min-period
-    [minbackoff: <duration> | default = 100ms]
+    [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]
 
     # Maximum delay when backing off.
     # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.backoff-max-period
-    [maxbackoff: <duration> | default = 10s]
+    [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

     # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
     # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.backoff-retries
-    [maxretries: <int> | default = 10]
+    [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

### consul_config

 # ACL Token used to interact with Consul.
-# CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.acltoken
-[acltoken: <string> | default = ""]
+# CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.acl-token
+[acl_token: <string> | default = ""]

 # HTTP timeout when talking to Consul
 # CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.client-timeout
-[httpclienttimeout: <duration> | default = 20s]
+[http_client_timeout: <duration> | default = 20s]

 # Enable consistent reads to Consul.
 # CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.consistent-reads
-[consistentreads: <boolean> | default = true]
+[consistent_reads: <boolean> | default = false]

 # Rate limit when watching key or prefix in Consul, in requests per second. 0
 # disables the rate limit.
 # CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.watch-rate-limit
-[watchkeyratelimit: <float> | default = 0]
+[watch_rate_limit: <float> | default = 1]

 # Burst size used in rate limit. Values less than 1 are treated as 1.
 # CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.watch-burst-size
-[watchkeyburstsize: <int> | default = 1]
+[watch_burst_size: <int> | default = 1]


### configstore_config
 # URL of configs API server.
 # CLI flag: -<prefix>.configs.url
-[configsapiurl: <url> | default = ]
+[configs_api_url: <url> | default = ]

 # Timeout for requests to Weave Cloud configs service.
 # CLI flag: -<prefix>.configs.client-timeout
-[clienttimeout: <duration> | default = 5s]
+[client_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

0.7.0 / 2020-03-16

Cortex 0.7.0 is a major step forward the upcoming 1.0 release. In this release, we’ve got 164 contributions from 26 authors. Thanks to all contributors! ❤️

Please be aware that Cortex 0.7.0 introduces some breaking changes. You’re encouraged to read all the [CHANGE] entries below before upgrading your Cortex cluster. In particular:

  • Cleaned up some configuration options in preparation for the Cortex 1.0.0 release (see also the annotated config file breaking changes below):
    • Removed CLI flags support to configure the schema (see how to migrate from flags to schema file)
    • Renamed CLI flag -config-yaml to -schema-config-file
    • Removed CLI flag -store.min-chunk-age in favor of -querier.query-store-after. The corresponding YAML config option ingestermaxquerylookback has been renamed to query_ingesters_within
    • Deprecated CLI flag -frontend.cache-split-interval in favor of -querier.split-queries-by-interval
    • Renamed the YAML config option defaul_validity to default_validity
    • Removed the YAML config option config_store (in the alertmanager YAML config) in favor of store
    • Removed the YAML config root block configdb in favor of configs. This change is also reflected in the following CLI flags renaming:
      • -database.* -> -configs.database.*
      • -database.migrations -> -configs.database.migrations-dir
    • Removed the fluentd-based billing infrastructure including the CLI flags:
      • -distributor.enable-billing
      • -billing.max-buffered-events
      • -billing.retry-delay
      • -billing.ingester
  • Removed support for using denormalised tokens in the ring. Before upgrading, make sure your Cortex cluster is already running v0.6.0 or an earlier version with -ingester.normalise-tokens=true

Full changelog

  • [CHANGE] Removed support for flags to configure schema. Further, the flag for specifying the config file (-config-yaml) has been deprecated. Please use -schema-config-file. See the Schema Configuration documentation for more details on how to configure the schema using the YAML file. #2221
  • [CHANGE] In the config file, the root level config_store config option has been moved to alertmanager > store > configdb. #2125
  • [CHANGE] Removed unnecessary frontend.cache-split-interval in favor of querier.split-queries-by-interval both to reduce configuration complexity and guarantee alignment of these two configs. Starting from now, -querier.cache-results may only be enabled in conjunction with -querier.split-queries-by-interval (previously the cache interval default was 24h so if you want to preserve the same behaviour you should set -querier.split-queries-by-interval=24h). #2040
  • [CHANGE] Renamed Configs configuration options. #2187
    • configuration options
    • -database.* -> -configs.database.*
    • -database.migrations -> -configs.database.migrations-dir
    • config file
    • configdb.uri: -> configs.database.uri:
    • configdb.migrationsdir: -> configs.database.migrations_dir:
    • configdb.passwordfile: -> configs.database.password_file:
  • [CHANGE] Moved -store.min-chunk-age to the Querier config as -querier.query-store-after, allowing the store to be skipped during query time if the metrics wouldn’t be found. The YAML config option ingestermaxquerylookback has been renamed to query_ingesters_within to match its CLI flag. #1893
  • [CHANGE] Renamed the cache configuration setting defaul_validity to default_validity. #2140
  • [CHANGE] Remove fluentd-based billing infrastructure and flags such as -distributor.enable-billing. #1491
  • [CHANGE] Removed remaining support for using denormalised tokens in the ring. If you’re still running ingesters with denormalised tokens (Cortex 0.4 or earlier, with -ingester.normalise-tokens=false), such ingesters will now be completely invisible to distributors and need to be either switched to Cortex 0.6.0 or later, or be configured to use normalised tokens. #2034
  • [CHANGE] The frontend http server will now send 502 in case of deadline exceeded and 499 if the user requested cancellation. #2156
  • [CHANGE] We now enforce queries to be up to -querier.max-query-into-future into the future (defaults to 10m). #1929
    • -store.min-chunk-age has been removed
    • -querier.query-store-after has been added in it’s place.
  • [CHANGE] Removed unused /validate_expr endpoint. #2152
  • [CHANGE] Updated Prometheus dependency to v2.16.0. This Prometheus version uses Active Query Tracker to limit concurrent queries. In order to keep -querier.max-concurrent working, Active Query Tracker is enabled by default, and is configured to store its data to active-query-tracker directory (relative to current directory when Cortex started). This can be changed by using -querier.active-query-tracker-dir option. Purpose of Active Query Tracker is to log queries that were running when Cortex crashes. This logging happens on next Cortex start. #2088
  • [CHANGE] Default to BigChunk encoding; may result in slightly higher disk usage if many timeseries have a constant value, but should generally result in fewer, bigger chunks. #2207
  • [CHANGE] WAL replays are now done while the rest of Cortex is starting, and more specifically, when HTTP server is running. This makes it possible to scrape metrics during WAL replays. Applies to both chunks and experimental blocks storage. #2222
  • [CHANGE] Cortex now has /ready probe for all services, not just ingester and querier as before. In single-binary mode, /ready reports 204 only if all components are running properly. #2166
  • [CHANGE] If you are vendoring Cortex and use its components in your project, be aware that many Cortex components no longer start automatically when they are created. You may want to review PR and attached document. #2166
  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: the querier in-memory index cache used by the experimental blocks storage shifted from per-tenant to per-querier. The -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.index-cache-size-bytes now configures the per-querier index cache max size instead of a per-tenant cache and its default has been increased to 1GB. #2189
  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: TSDB head compaction interval and concurrency is now configurable (defaults to 1 min interval and 5 concurrent head compactions). New options: -experimental.tsdb.head-compaction-interval and -experimental.tsdb.head-compaction-concurrency. #2172
  • [CHANGE] Experimental TSDB: switched the blocks storage index header to the binary format. This change is expected to have no visible impact, except lower startup times and memory usage in the queriers. It’s possible to switch back to the old JSON format via the flag -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.binary-index-header-enabled=false. #2223
  • [CHANGE] Experimental Memberlist KV store can now be used in single-binary Cortex. Attempts to use it previously would fail with panic. This change also breaks existing binary protocol used to exchange gossip messages, so this version will not be able to understand gossiped Ring when used in combination with the previous version of Cortex. Easiest way to upgrade is to shutdown old Cortex installation, and restart it with new version. Incremental rollout works too, but with reduced functionality until all components run the same version. #2016
  • [FEATURE] Added a read-only local alertmanager config store using files named corresponding to their tenant id. #2125
  • [FEATURE] Added flag -experimental.ruler.enable-api to enable the ruler api which implements the Prometheus API /api/v1/rules and /api/v1/alerts endpoints under the configured -http.prefix. #1999
  • [FEATURE] Added sharding support to compactor when using the experimental TSDB blocks storage. #2113
  • [FEATURE] Added ability to override YAML config file settings using environment variables. #2147
    • -config.expand-env
  • [FEATURE] Added flags to disable Alertmanager notifications methods. #2187
    • -configs.notifications.disable-email
    • -configs.notifications.disable-webhook
  • [FEATURE] Add /config HTTP endpoint which exposes the current Cortex configuration as YAML. #2165
  • [FEATURE] Allow Prometheus remote write directly to ingesters. #1491
  • [FEATURE] Introduced new standalone service query-tee that can be used for testing purposes to send the same Prometheus query to multiple backends (ie. two Cortex clusters ingesting the same metrics) and compare the performances. #2203
  • [FEATURE] Fan out parallelizable queries to backend queriers concurrently. #1878
    • querier.parallelise-shardable-queries (bool)
    • Requires a shard-compatible schema (v10+)
    • This causes the number of traces to increase accordingly.
    • The query-frontend now requires a schema config to determine how/when to shard queries, either from a file or from flags (i.e. by the config-yaml CLI flag). This is the same schema config the queriers consume. The schema is only required to use this option.
    • It’s also advised to increase downstream concurrency controls as well:
    • querier.max-outstanding-requests-per-tenant
    • querier.max-query-parallelism
    • querier.max-concurrent
    • server.grpc-max-concurrent-streams (for both query-frontends and queriers)
  • [FEATURE] Added user sub rings to distribute users to a subset of ingesters. #1947
    • -experimental.distributor.user-subring-size
  • [FEATURE] Add flag -experimental.tsdb.stripe-size to expose TSDB stripe size option. #2185
  • [FEATURE] Experimental Delete Series: Added support for Deleting Series with Prometheus style API. Needs to be enabled first by setting -purger.enable to true. Deletion only supported when using boltdb and filesystem as index and object store respectively. Support for other stores to follow in separate PRs #2103
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Alertmanager: Expose Per-tenant alertmanager metrics #2124
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Add status label to cortex_alertmanager_configs metric to gauge the number of valid and invalid configs. #2125
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Cassandra Authentication: added the custom_authenticators config option that allows users to authenticate with cassandra clusters using password authenticators that are not approved by default in gocql #2093
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Cassandra Storage: added max_retries, retry_min_backoff and retry_max_backoff configuration options to enable retrying recoverable errors. #2054
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Allow to configure HTTP and gRPC server listen address, maximum number of simultaneous connections and connection keepalive settings.
    • -server.http-listen-address
    • -server.http-conn-limit
    • -server.grpc-listen-address
    • -server.grpc-conn-limit
    • -server.grpc.keepalive.max-connection-idle
    • -server.grpc.keepalive.max-connection-age
    • -server.grpc.keepalive.max-connection-age-grace
    • -server.grpc.keepalive.time
    • -server.grpc.keepalive.timeout
  • [ENHANCEMENT] PostgreSQL: Bump up github.com/lib/pq from v1.0.0 to v1.3.0 to support PostgreSQL SCRAM-SHA-256 authentication. #2097
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Cassandra Storage: User no longer need CREATE privilege on <all keyspaces> if given keyspace exists. #2032
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Cassandra Storage: added password_file configuration options to enable reading Cassandra password from file. #2096
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Configs API: Allow GET/POST configs in YAML format. #2181
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Background cache writes are batched to improve parallelism and observability. #2135
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Add automatic repair for checkpoint and WAL. #2105
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Support lastEvaluation and evaluationTime in /api/v1/rules endpoints and make order of groups stable. #2196
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Skip expired requests in query-frontend scheduling. #2082
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Add ability to configure gRPC keepalive settings. #2066
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Export TSDB Syncer metrics from Compactor component, they are prefixed with cortex_compactor_. #2023
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Added dedicated flag -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.tenant-sync-concurrency to configure the maximum number of concurrent tenants for which blocks are synched. #2026
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Expose metrics for objstore operations (prefixed with cortex_<component>_thanos_objstore_, component being one of ingester, querier and compactor). #2027
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Added support for Azure Storage to be used for block storage, in addition to S3 and GCS. #2083
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Reduced memory allocations in the ingesters when using the experimental blocks storage. #2057
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental Memberlist KV: expose -memberlist.gossip-to-dead-nodes-time and -memberlist.dead-node-reclaim-time options to control how memberlist library handles dead nodes and name reuse. #2131
  • [BUGFIX] Alertmanager: fixed panic upon applying a new config, caused by duplicate metrics registration in the NewPipelineBuilder function. #211
  • [BUGFIX] Azure Blob ChunkStore: Fixed issue causing invalid chunk checksum errors. #2074
  • [BUGFIX] The gauge cortex_overrides_last_reload_successful is now only exported by components that use a RuntimeConfigManager. Previously, for components that do not initialize a RuntimeConfigManager (such as the compactor) the gauge was initialized with 0 (indicating error state) and then never updated, resulting in a false-negative permanent error state. #2092
  • [BUGFIX] Fixed WAL metric names, added the cortex_ prefix.
  • [BUGFIX] Restored histogram cortex_configs_request_duration_seconds #2138
  • [BUGFIX] Fix wrong syntax for url in config-file-reference. #2148
  • [BUGFIX] Fixed some 5xx status code returned by the query-frontend when they should actually be 4xx. #2122
  • [BUGFIX] Fixed leaked goroutines in the querier. #2070
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental TSDB: fixed /all_user_stats and /api/prom/user_stats endpoints when using the experimental TSDB blocks storage. #2042
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental TSDB: fixed ruler to correctly work with the experimental TSDB blocks storage. #2101

Changes to denormalised tokens in the ring

Cortex 0.4.0 is the last version that can write denormalised tokens. Cortex 0.5.0 and above always write normalised tokens.

Cortex 0.6.0 is the last version that can read denormalised tokens. Starting with Cortex 0.7.0 only normalised tokens are supported, and ingesters writing denormalised tokens to the ring (running Cortex 0.4.0 or earlier with -ingester.normalise-tokens=false) are ignored by distributors. Such ingesters should either switch to using normalised tokens, or be upgraded to Cortex 0.5.0 or later.

Known issues

  • The gRPC streaming for ingesters doesn’t work when using the experimental TSDB blocks storage. Please do not enable -querier.ingester-streaming if you’re using the TSDB blocks storage. If you want to enable it, you can build Cortex from master given the issue has been fixed after Cortex 0.7 branch has been cut and the fix wasn’t included in the 0.7 because related to an experimental feature.

Annotated config file breaking changes

In this section you can find a config file diff showing the breaking changes introduced in Cortex 0.7. You can also find the full configuration file reference doc in the website.

### Root level config

 # "configdb" has been moved to "alertmanager > store > configdb".
-[configdb: <configdb_config>]

 # "config_store" has been renamed to "configs".
-[config_store: <configstore_config>]
+[configs: <configs_config>]


### `distributor_config`

 # The support to hook an external billing system has been removed.
-[enable_billing: <boolean> | default = false]
-billing:
-  [maxbufferedevents: <int> | default = 1024]
-  [retrydelay: <duration> | default = 500ms]
-  [ingesterhostport: <string> | default = "localhost:24225"]


### `querier_config`

 # "ingestermaxquerylookback" has been renamed to "query_ingesters_within".
-[ingestermaxquerylookback: <duration> | default = 0s]
+[query_ingesters_within: <duration> | default = 0s]


### `queryrange_config`

results_cache:
  cache:
     # "defaul_validity" has been renamed to "default_validity".
-    [defaul_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]
+    [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

   # "cache_split_interval" has been deprecated in favor of "split_queries_by_interval".
-  [cache_split_interval: <duration> | default = 24h0m0s]


### `alertmanager_config`

# The "store" config block has been added. This includes "configdb" which previously
# was the "configdb" root level config block.
+store:
+  [type: <string> | default = "configdb"]
+  [configdb: <configstore_config>]
+  local:
+    [path: <string> | default = ""]


### `storage_config`

index_queries_cache_config:
   # "defaul_validity" has been renamed to "default_validity".
-  [defaul_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]
+  [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]


### `chunk_store_config`

chunk_cache_config:
   # "defaul_validity" has been renamed to "default_validity".
-  [defaul_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]
+  [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

write_dedupe_cache_config:
   # "defaul_validity" has been renamed to "default_validity".
-  [defaul_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]
+  [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

 # "min_chunk_age" has been removed in favor of "querier > query_store_after".
-[min_chunk_age: <duration> | default = 0s]


### `configs_config`

-# "uri" has been moved to "database > uri".
-[uri: <string> | default = "postgres://[email protected]/configs?sslmode=disable"]

-# "migrationsdir" has been moved to "database > migrations_dir".
-[migrationsdir: <string> | default = ""]

-# "passwordfile" has been moved to "database > password_file".
-[passwordfile: <string> | default = ""]

+database:
+  [uri: <string> | default = "postgres://[email protected]/configs?sslmode=disable"]
+  [migrations_dir: <string> | default = ""]
+  [password_file: <string> | default = ""]

0.6.1 / 2020-02-05

  • [BUGFIX] Fixed parsing of the WAL configuration when specified in the YAML config file. #2071

0.6.0 / 2020-01-28

Note that the ruler flags need to be changed in this upgrade. You’re moving from a single node ruler to something that might need to be sharded. Further, if you’re using the configs service, we’ve upgraded the migration library and this requires some manual intervention. See full instructions below to upgrade your PostgreSQL.

  • [CHANGE] The frontend component now does not cache results if it finds a Cache-Control header and if one of its values is no-store. #1974
  • [CHANGE] Flags changed with transition to upstream Prometheus rules manager:
    • -ruler.client-timeout is now ruler.configs.client-timeout in order to match ruler.configs.url.
    • -ruler.group-timeouthas been removed.
    • -ruler.num-workers has been removed.
    • -ruler.rule-path has been added to specify where the prometheus rule manager will sync rule files.
    • -ruler.storage.type has beem added to specify the rule store backend type, currently only the configdb.
    • -ruler.poll-interval has been added to specify the interval in which to poll new rule groups.
    • -ruler.evaluation-interval default value has changed from 15s to 1m to match the default evaluation interval in Prometheus.
    • Ruler sharding requires a ring which can be configured via the ring flags prefixed by ruler.ring.. #1987
  • [CHANGE] Use relative links from /ring page to make it work when used behind reverse proxy. #1896
  • [CHANGE] Deprecated -distributor.limiter-reload-period flag. #1766
  • [CHANGE] Ingesters now write only normalised tokens to the ring, although they can still read denormalised tokens used by other ingesters. -ingester.normalise-tokens is now deprecated, and ignored. If you want to switch back to using denormalised tokens, you need to downgrade to Cortex 0.4.0. Previous versions don’t handle claiming tokens from normalised ingesters correctly. #1809
  • [CHANGE] Overrides mechanism has been renamed to “runtime config”, and is now separate from limits. Runtime config is simply a file that is reloaded by Cortex every couple of seconds. Limits and now also multi KV use this mechanism.
    New arguments were introduced: -runtime-config.file (defaults to empty) and -runtime-config.reload-period (defaults to 10 seconds), which replace previously used -limits.per-user-override-config and -limits.per-user-override-period options. Old options are still used if -runtime-config.file is not specified. This change is also reflected in YAML configuration, where old limits.per_tenant_override_config and limits.per_tenant_override_period fields are replaced with runtime_config.file and runtime_config.period respectively. #1749
  • [CHANGE] Cortex now rejects data with duplicate labels. Previously, such data was accepted, with duplicate labels removed with only one value left. #1964
  • [CHANGE] Changed the default value for -distributor.ha-tracker.prefix from collectors/ to ha-tracker/ in order to not clash with other keys (ie. ring) stored in the same key-value store. #1940
  • [FEATURE] Experimental: Write-Ahead-Log added in ingesters for more data reliability against ingester crashes. #1103
    • --ingester.wal-enabled: Setting this to true enables writing to WAL during ingestion.
    • --ingester.wal-dir: Directory where the WAL data should be stored and/or recovered from.
    • --ingester.checkpoint-enabled: Set this to true to enable checkpointing of in-memory chunks to disk.
    • --ingester.checkpoint-duration: This is the interval at which checkpoints should be created.
    • --ingester.recover-from-wal: Set this to true to recover data from an existing WAL.
    • For more information, please checkout the “Ingesters with WAL” guide.
  • [FEATURE] The distributor can now drop labels from samples (similar to the removal of the replica label for HA ingestion) per user via the distributor.drop-label flag. #1726
  • [FEATURE] Added flag debug.mutex-profile-fraction to enable mutex profiling #1969
  • [FEATURE] Added global ingestion rate limiter strategy. Deprecated -distributor.limiter-reload-period flag. #1766
  • [FEATURE] Added support for Microsoft Azure blob storage to be used for storing chunk data. #1913
  • [FEATURE] Added readiness probe endpoint/ready to queriers. #1934
  • [FEATURE] Added “multi” KV store that can interact with two other KV stores, primary one for all reads and writes, and secondary one, which only receives writes. Primary/secondary store can be modified in runtime via runtime-config mechanism (previously “overrides”). #1749
  • [FEATURE] Added support to store ring tokens to a file and read it back on startup, instead of generating/fetching the tokens to/from the ring. This feature can be enabled with the flag -ingester.tokens-file-path. #1750
  • [FEATURE] Experimental TSDB: Added /series API endpoint support with TSDB blocks storage. #1830
  • [FEATURE] Experimental TSDB: Added TSDB blocks compactor component, which iterates over users blocks stored in the bucket and compact them according to the configured block ranges. #1942
  • [ENHANCEMENT] metric cortex_ingester_flush_reasons gets a new reason value: Spread, when -ingester.spread-flushes option is enabled. #1978
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added password and enable_tls options to redis cache configuration. Enables usage of Microsoft Azure Cache for Redis service. #1923
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Upgraded Kubernetes API version for deployments from extensions/v1beta1 to apps/v1. #1941
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Open existing TSDB on startup to prevent ingester from becoming ready before it can accept writes. The max concurrency is set via --experimental.tsdb.max-tsdb-opening-concurrency-on-startup. #1917
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Querier now exports aggregate metrics from Thanos bucket store and in memory index cache (many metrics to list, but all have cortex_querier_bucket_store_ or cortex_querier_blocks_index_cache_ prefix). #1996
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Improved multi-tenant bucket store. #1991
    • Allowed to configure the blocks sync interval via -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.sync-interval (0 disables the sync)
    • Limited the number of tenants concurrently synched by -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.block-sync-concurrency
    • Renamed cortex_querier_sync_seconds metric to cortex_querier_blocks_sync_seconds
    • Track cortex_querier_blocks_sync_seconds metric for the initial sync too
  • [BUGFIX] Fixed unnecessary CAS operations done by the HA tracker when the jitter is enabled. #1861
  • [BUGFIX] Fixed ingesters getting stuck in a LEAVING state after coming up from an ungraceful exit. #1921
  • [BUGFIX] Reduce memory usage when ingester Push() errors. #1922
  • [BUGFIX] Table Manager: Fixed calculation of expected tables and creation of tables from next active schema considering grace period. #1976
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental TSDB: Fixed ingesters consistency during hand-over when using experimental TSDB blocks storage. #1854 #1818
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental TSDB: Fixed metrics when using experimental TSDB blocks storage. #1981 #1982 #1990 #1983
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental memberlist: Use the advertised address when sending packets to other peers of the Gossip memberlist. #1857

Upgrading PostgreSQL (if you’re using configs service)

Reference: https://github.com/golang-migrate/migrate/tree/master/database/postgres#upgrading-from-v1

  1. Install the migrate package cli tool: https://github.com/golang-migrate/migrate/tree/master/cmd/migrate#installation
  2. Drop the schema_migrations table: DROP TABLE schema_migrations;.
  3. Run the migrate command:

    migrate  -path <absolute_path_to_cortex>/cmd/cortex/migrations -database postgres://localhost:5432/database force 2

Known issues

  • The cortex_prometheus_rule_group_last_evaluation_timestamp_seconds metric, tracked by the ruler, is not unregistered for rule groups not being used anymore. This issue will be fixed in the next Cortex release (see 2033).

  • Write-Ahead-Log (WAL) does not have automatic repair of corrupt checkpoint or WAL segments, which is possible if ingester crashes abruptly or the underlying disk corrupts. Currently the only way to resolve this is to manually delete the affected checkpoint and/or WAL segments. Automatic repair will be added in the future releases.

0.4.0 / 2019-12-02

  • [CHANGE] The frontend component has been refactored to be easier to re-use. When upgrading the frontend, cache entries will be discarded and re-created with the new protobuf schema. #1734
  • [CHANGE] Removed direct DB/API access from the ruler. -ruler.configs.url has been now deprecated. #1579
  • [CHANGE] Removed Delta encoding. Any old chunks with Delta encoding cannot be read anymore. If ingester.chunk-encoding is set to Delta the ingester will fail to start. #1706
  • [CHANGE] Setting -ingester.max-transfer-retries to 0 now disables hand-over when ingester is shutting down. Previously, zero meant infinite number of attempts. #1771
  • [CHANGE] dynamo has been removed as a valid storage name to make it consistent for all components. aws and aws-dynamo remain as valid storage names.
  • [CHANGE/FEATURE] The frontend split and cache intervals can now be configured using the respective flag --querier.split-queries-by-interval and --frontend.cache-split-interval.
    • If --querier.split-queries-by-interval is not provided request splitting is disabled by default.
    • --querier.split-queries-by-day is still accepted for backward compatibility but has been deprecated. You should now use --querier.split-queries-by-interval. We recommend a to use a multiple of 24 hours.
  • [FEATURE] Global limit on the max series per user and metric #1760
    • -ingester.max-global-series-per-user
    • -ingester.max-global-series-per-metric
    • Requires -distributor.replication-factor and -distributor.shard-by-all-labels set for the ingesters too
  • [FEATURE] Flush chunks with stale markers early with ingester.max-stale-chunk-idle. #1759
  • [FEATURE] EXPERIMENTAL: Added new KV Store backend based on memberlist library. Components can gossip about tokens and ingester states, instead of using Consul or Etcd. #1721
  • [FEATURE] EXPERIMENTAL: Use TSDB in the ingesters & flush blocks to S3/GCS ala Thanos. This will let us use an Object Store more efficiently and reduce costs. #1695
  • [FEATURE] Allow Query Frontend to log slow queries with frontend.log-queries-longer-than. #1744
  • [FEATURE] Add HTTP handler to trigger ingester flush & shutdown - used when running as a stateful set with the WAL enabled. #1746
  • [FEATURE] EXPERIMENTAL: Added GCS support to TSDB blocks storage. #1772
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Reduce memory allocations in the write path. #1706
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Consul client now follows recommended practices for blocking queries wrt returned Index value. #1708
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Consul client can optionally rate-limit itself during Watch (used e.g. by ring watchers) and WatchPrefix (used by HA feature) operations. Rate limiting is disabled by default. New flags added: --consul.watch-rate-limit, and --consul.watch-burst-size. #1708
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added jitter to HA deduping heartbeats, configure using distributor.ha-tracker.update-timeout-jitter-max #1534
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Add ability to flush chunks with stale markers early. #1759
  • [BUGFIX] Stop reporting successful actions as 500 errors in KV store metrics. #1798
  • [BUGFIX] Fix bug where duplicate labels can be returned through metadata APIs. #1790
  • [BUGFIX] Fix reading of old, v3 chunk data. #1779
  • [BUGFIX] Now support IAM roles in service accounts in AWS EKS. #1803
  • [BUGFIX] Fixed duplicated series returned when querying both ingesters and store with the experimental TSDB blocks storage. #1778

In this release we updated the following dependencies:

  • gRPC v1.25.0 (resulted in a drop of 30% CPU usage when compression is on)
  • jaeger-client v2.20.0
  • aws-sdk-go to v1.25.22

0.3.0 / 2019-10-11

This release adds support for Redis as an alternative to Memcached, and also includes many optimisations which reduce CPU and memory usage.

  • [CHANGE] Gauge metrics were renamed to drop the _total suffix. #1685
    • In Alertmanager, alertmanager_configs_total is now alertmanager_configs
    • In Ruler, scheduler_configs_total is now scheduler_configs
    • scheduler_groups_total is now scheduler_groups.
  • [CHANGE] --alertmanager.configs.auto-slack-root flag was dropped as auto Slack root is not supported anymore. #1597
  • [CHANGE] In table-manager, default DynamoDB capacity was reduced from 3,000 units to 1,000 units. We recommend you do not run with the defaults: find out what figures are needed for your environment and set that via -dynamodb.periodic-table.write-throughput and -dynamodb.chunk-table.write-throughput.
  • [FEATURE] Add Redis support for caching #1612
  • [FEATURE] Allow spreading chunk writes across multiple S3 buckets #1625
  • [FEATURE] Added /shutdown endpoint for ingester to shutdown all operations of the ingester. #1746
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Upgraded Prometheus to 2.12.0 and Alertmanager to 0.19.0. #1597
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Cortex is now built with Go 1.13 #1675, #1676, #1679
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Many optimisations, mostly impacting ingester and querier: #1574, #1624, #1638, #1644, #1649, #1654, #1702

Full list of changes: https://github.com/cortexproject/cortex/compare/v0.2.0...v0.3.0

0.2.0 / 2019-09-05

This release has several exciting features, the most notable of them being setting -ingester.spread-flushes to potentially reduce your storage space by upto 50%.

  • [CHANGE] Flags changed due to changes upstream in Prometheus Alertmanager #929:
    • alertmanager.mesh.listen-address is now cluster.listen-address
    • alertmanager.mesh.peer.host and alertmanager.mesh.peer.service can be replaced by cluster.peer
    • alertmanager.mesh.hardware-address, alertmanager.mesh.nickname, alertmanager.mesh.password, and alertmanager.mesh.peer.refresh-interval all disappear.
  • [CHANGE] –claim-on-rollout flag deprecated; feature is now always on #1566
  • [CHANGE] Retention period must now be a multiple of periodic table duration #1564
  • [CHANGE] The value for the name label for the chunks memcache in all cortex_cache_ metrics is now chunksmemcache (before it was memcache) #1569
  • [FEATURE] Makes the ingester flush each timeseries at a specific point in the max-chunk-age cycle with -ingester.spread-flushes. This means multiple replicas of a chunk are very likely to contain the same contents which cuts chunk storage space by up to 66%. #1578
  • [FEATURE] Make minimum number of chunk samples configurable per user #1620
  • [FEATURE] Honor HTTPS for custom S3 URLs #1603
  • [FEATURE] You can now point the query-frontend at a normal Prometheus for parallelisation and caching #1441
  • [FEATURE] You can now specify http_config on alert receivers #929
  • [FEATURE] Add option to use jump hashing to load balance requests to memcached #1554
  • [FEATURE] Add status page for HA tracker to distributors #1546
  • [FEATURE] The distributor ring page is now easier to read with alternate rows grayed out #1621

0.1.0 / 2019-08-07

  • [CHANGE] HA Tracker flags were renamed to provide more clarity #1465
    • distributor.accept-ha-labels is now distributor.ha-tracker.enable
    • distributor.accept-ha-samples is now distributor.ha-tracker.enable-for-all-users
    • ha-tracker.replica is now distributor.ha-tracker.replica
    • ha-tracker.cluster is now distributor.ha-tracker.cluster
  • [FEATURE] You can specify “heap ballast” to reduce Go GC Churn #1489
  • [BUGFIX] HA Tracker no longer always makes a request to Consul/Etcd when a request is not from the active replica #1516
  • [BUGFIX] Queries are now correctly cancelled by the query-frontend #1508